Article by Rob Hill, MG Retailer
On a sweltering July night, Michael Bowman entered the Washington, D.C., watering hole The Dubliner to meet a member of Law Enforcement Action Partnership with ties close to the White House. As a longtime advocate for federal public policy that strengthens rural communities with a focus on soil health, biochar, renewable energy, and environmental markets, Bowman has been to the United States capitol many times. But this trip was different. Since the passage of Colorado’s Amendment 64 in 2012, his focus has turned exclusively to industrial hemp policy. His decade-plus of work in sustainability issues garnered a robust bipartisan network that trusted him.
“This trip was purely agenda-driven due to what the industry has been missing since November’s election—namely, a president with still no clear message or directive regarding our industry,” said Bowman, a bearded, avuncular man with a calm demeanor and an intense gaze.
However, if anyone can get their attention and act in order it’s Bowman. In 2013, he wrote the draft language for Section 7606 of the Federal Farm Bill, and he made possible the first hemp flag flown over the U.S. Capitol building in eighty years. “I’ve been elbow-deep in this movement, but during this visit it was easy to forget all we’ve accomplished,” he said, his gaze a bit downcast.
Bowman’s trip would be one meeting after another with D.C. political movers and shakers, private-sector business people, and entrepreneurs, discussing industrial hemp and its application to soil regeneration, reducing chemical and pesticide loads on farmland, CO2 absorption, and land-based opportunities to mitigate the collapse of oceans. Though the trip proved positive overall, it also proved somewhat disappointing. “Right now, when it comes to hemp, we are in a holding pattern with no indication from air control when we’re going to finish circling.”
Why hemp? Why now?
The environment is what brought me to hemp. It was around a campfire in Zimbabwe in 2003 when I met an Australian couple who had just visited India. [We discussed] the transition there from a hemp-based economy to a government-mandated GMO crop. Before that fateful conversation, I knew nothing about the plant.
This conversation drove me to study the plant and, once I understood its history and politics, I was hooked. Hemp is a drought-resistant plant. It needs little or no herbicides and pesticides. It has a root structure that improves the tilth of the soil [and] can absorb four times more CO2 per acre per crop than a standing forest. Suddenly, I found every box on my list of attributes of a “dream crop.”
How does hemp impact the environment?
Like any crop, it shouldn’t be monocultured; it’s a rotational crop. If grown properly, it can play a significant role in the soil regeneration movement. Hemp is sometimes confused with the environmental footprint of indoor marijuana cultivation. There is a lot of debate today regarding that footprint and how to lower the impacts. California has taken a big leap in regards to the renewable energy requirement for these facilities. I’d offer that side of the industry has a way to go. However, industrial hemp as an agricultural crop is pretty straightforward and environmentally benign.