Article by Jason Miller, Toronto Star
Canada’s black market of pot is still riding rampant over licensed retailers, a year into what many say continues to be a slow rollout of brick-and-mortar stores in Ontario and regulatory challenges.
Retail stores in Ontario sold approximately $200 million in recreational pot last year, accounting for the lion’s share of just under $300 million in estimated Ontario Cannabis Store recreational sales, said Cheri Mara, chief commercial officer for the OCS. That’s far below the estimated $2.9-billion provincial market value.
“I wouldn’t be honest with you if I said we were happy with that number … when our mandate is to eradicate the illicit market,” she said.
At the end of 2018, Canada’s legal market accounted for roughly 12 per cent of the total recreational cannabis sold. That’s estimated to have jumped to 35 per cent by the end of 2019, said Rosalie Wyonch, policy analyst at C.D. Howe Institute. The institute made estimates based on consumption trends gleaned from Statistics Canada data.
“It does show significant gains, but legal consumption is still only about a third of the (Canadian) market,” she said. “The black market is likely to remain for some time.”
Mitchell Osak, cannabis advisory lead at consulting firm MNP, said the current pace at which stores are being approved in Ontario is “not going to put a major dent in satisfying demand.”
To date, 54 stores are authorized to operate in Ontario, but it’s not clear how many are currently open. Only 13 have been authorized to open in Toronto.
The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario says it’s on track to issue up to five retail store authorizations per week.
Alberta, meanwhile, has issued more than 450 retail licences to date.
Online sales have remained slow because there is still stigma attached, said James Burns, president and CEO of Alcanna, the parent company for Nova Cannabis, which was the second store to open in Toronto.
“People don’t want to give their name or credit card,” he said.
Alcanna runs 30 stores in Alberta with the Toronto Nova store being its sole shop in Ontario.
Nova saw a “noticeable increase in sales in the summer, when the city and police clamped down” on illegal storefronts, Burns said. The store did about $500,000 in weekly sales during its summer peak.
He said illegal dealers have become more nimble and ingenious in their counterattacks.
When customers flooded to Toronto stores to stockpile pot amid the early days COVID-19, “the dealers were working our lines, handing out business cards,” Burns said. “They’re highly organized and they will stay that way until we have a lot more stores in Ontario.”