Every once in a blue moon, among the dull, grey, lifeless reports by government agencies, one report emerges that is vibrant, full of life, talking to an issue of the moment and begging for public action.
The Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) report, disguised by a sleepy title, A Disparate Reality, is that odd animal of the second kind. It was released at that moment when many were reacting to the cruel police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, and it outlines the way in which the Toronto police have treated people differently based on the colour of their skin.
The report reviews charges laid by Toronto police in cases from 2013 to 2017 where they could use their discretion. Sometimes police decide not to enforce the law (driving at 120 kilometres per hour on Highway 400 is breaking the law, but never seems to result in a ticket), or they look the other way or give a warning rather than laying a criminal charge.
Nine different kinds of lesser offences involving police discretion were reviewed such as obstruct justice; assault police; utter threats against the police; trespassing; and cannabis possession.
Black persons were charged with offences 3.9 times more often per capita than white persons. And here is the kicker: cases against Blacks did not stand up in court as well as those against whites. Only 20 per cent of charges resulted in convictions.
If you are Black, Toronto police will treat you more than three times more harshly than if you are white. An earlier OHRC report on the use of force concluded that Blacks were 20 times more likely to be involved in a fatal shooting by Toronto police than whites and three times more likely to be subjected to a use of force causing serious bodily harm.
The OHRC gave the report to the Toronto Police Services Board in mid-July. It provided board members, including Mayor John Tory and two councillors, with a two-hour briefing in early August. The report was released publicly in mid-August.
Meanwhile, the board had held town hall forums that were overwhelmed by the public interest generated by Floyd’s death, scheduling four sessions to hear from more than 150 people. It was the most attention the public has ever paid to policing issues in Toronto.
The board then presented 81 recommendations to its Aug. 18 meeting. The ORHC was never informed of these recommendations and none of the board members made any reference to or responded to the OHRC report. Systemic racism was the root of public concern, yet the board did not address it.
As the OHRC notes in the report, with some bitterness, the Police Board talks about collaboration, but it doesn’t collaborate. Nor did the board address other significant issues. Many deputants opposed spending $35 million to purchase body-worn cameras, noting that cameras do nothing to change police behaviour. (The officers who killed George Floyd filmed the death on their cameras.) The board approved the purchase.