Canadian Recreational Cannabis Laws by Province and Territory

Article by Dianna Benjamin, WikiLeaf

Canadian Recreational Cannabis Laws by Province and Territory Weed Is Legal, But Different Provinces Have Different Laws. by Dianna Benjamin

While the answer to the question “is weed legal in Canada” is yes, there are some nuances that you need to be aware of. Canada’s government is divided into three levels: federal, provincial or territorial, and municipal.  Canada is comprised of 10 provinces and 3 territories, so while the country’s federal government legalized personal use cannabis in October 2018, Canada weed laws can look different depending on the province or territory you live in or visit.

Canada’s federal government is responsible for overseeing the licensure and regulation of producers, processors, and wholesale distributors, but the provinces and territories determine the rules for consumers and retail stores.

What Are Canada’s Weed Laws?



The legal age of purchase in Ontario is 19. Cannabis can be purchased from licensed retailers and online from the Ontario Cannabis Store.

Some public consumption is permitted in Ontario. Consumers may smoke cannabis on sidewalks and in parks, designated smoking rooms in places like hotels, vehicles and boats that are used as residences, and in private residences.

Driving while high is illegal.

Legally aged consumers are permitted to carry up to 30 grams of cannabis on them when in public.

Residents may grow up to 4 plants per household in their homes.


Cannabis is regulated by the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario. The AGCO is responsible for issuing cannabis licenses to prospective retailers.

Private retailers are selected for the application process through a lottery system.

Applying for a retail license requires the payment of a $6,000 license fee.

Ontario does not authorize the side by side sale of alcohol and cannabis.

Read the full article here.

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